There’s a hot debate ongoing in the Ghanaian social and traditional media space about the new Ghana Education Service curriculum on Comprehensive Sexual education.
A section of society is alarmed kids as young as 5 year olds would be taught sex, Orgasm and sexuality. Others have said the government wants to teach their children that it’s okay to be gay which they strongly object to.
There have also been pictures circulating online purportedly depicting the contents of the new curriculum on comprehensive sexual education.
Nsemwoha can confirm and as reiterated by Dr. Prince Armah, the executive director of the NCCa that those pictures are fake.
According to the original CSE guidelines, there’s no mention of homosexuality, sexuality and Sex at the primary level. (Check the full guidelines below).
The guidelines reads as follows:
Guidelines For Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) in Ghana. CSE as explained in the publication from UNESCO is a curriculum based process of teaching and learning about the cognitive, emotional, physical and social aspects of sexuality. It aims to equip children and young people with knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that will empower them to: realize their health, well-being and dignity; develop respectful social and sexual relationships; consider how their choices affect their own well-being and that of others; and, understand and ensure the protection of their rights throughout their lives.
This educational module has been broken down into 9 modules, namely:
2. Attitude and Skills
3. Healthy Living
4. Human Development
7. Society and Human Rights
9. Sexual and reproductive health
Now instead of a standalone CSE course, Ghana adopted the integrated method for the introduction of topics on reproductive health education in the school syllabus.
1. Primary – Reproductive health education will be integrated in Social Studies, Integrated Science and RME.
Some indirect tutorials will also be done achieved via essay writing.
2. JHS – Just like the integration in primary, Reproductive Health education will be taught under Social Studies and Integrated Science (without RME). Also some activities can be found in English language.
3. SHS – At this level, Sexual education is integrated into two core subjects, Social studies, Integrated science and two electives Biology and Management in Living.
English language and Art activities will base on Reproductive health.
These modules are arranged in order of complexity and age/stage appropriateness.
Let’s take a look.
In Pre-School (4-5 years), their content will cover:
1. Module 1 Session 1: What we believe in, how we interact.
2. Module 2 Session 1: Personal hygiene I (Oral hygiene)
In Primary School (6-11 years), their content will compromise:
1. Primary 1/Class 1(6 years) :
*Module 1 Session 1 – Values and Society/Societal norms/What we believe in
*Module 2 Session 1 – Oral and hygiene
*Module 3 Session 1 – Myself – Being a male or female.
2. Primary 2 (7 years), syllabus will cover:
*Module 1 Session 2 – Reflecting on our own attitudes
* Module 2 Session 1 – Personal Hygiene II – Body Hygiene.
*Module 4 Session 1: Roles and responsibilities as a child
3. Primary 3 (8 years) – syllabus covers:
* Module 1 Session 2 : Recognizing whether something is fair and unfair.
* Module 4 Session 1 : Understanding interpersonal relationships – types and forms.
* Module 4 Session 2 : Families and relationships in our lives.
* Module 5 Session 3 : Concept of gender (maleness and femaleness)
4. Primary 4 ( 9 years) – Syllabus will entail:
* Module 3 session 1 : Human growth and development Life cycle
* Module 3 Session 2- Knowing about one’s body/ Sexual and reproductive organs
*Module 2 Session 6 – Seeking Health Care
*Module 6 Session 2 – Developing self-esteem
*Module 6 Session 6 – Leadership skill I”